The technological development of particleboards dates back to the beginning of the last century. The first industrial production was taken up in Germany in the 1940ies. From the 1950ies onwards, particleboards started their advance, with the development of dimensionally stable and comparatively cost-effective panels.
During particleboard production, particles of different sizes are coated with adhesives and pressed together to form wood-based panels of a high added-value. The overwhelming majority of particleboards are multi-layer, to a lesser quantity also single-layer (strand) boards. In general, particleboards have three to five layers, with the outer layers almost always being composed of relatively fine particles. Because of their high dimensional stability, particleboards are very well suited for furniture manufacturing. They are available as raw panels as well as coated or laminated with various decorative surfaces (e.g. melamine, laminates), or with wood veneers.
Apart from sawmill residues and freshly-harvested timber, increasing quantities of used wood are employed for the manufacture of particleboards.
Due to their manifold sizes, qualities and surface finishing possibilities, particleboards have created a considerable market potential for themselves in various areas of application.
VHI-Members with Particleboards production-sites: